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“Artuch Travel” participated The 10th Xinjiang winter tourism industry fair of China

              From 27 to 29 November 2015, the city of Urumqi, the capital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China, was held on 10-th Fair Industry Xinjiang winter tourism of China, organized by the State Tourism Administration of China and the Government of the Xinjiang Uygur China region. According to organizers, the event was attended about 200 000 people this year. During the exhibition, representatives of the Tajikistan , Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Russia, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Tomsk, Vladimir Region and Altai Republic offered to get to know the tourist potential of their countries and told about the sights of the country.

Participation in the exhibition received a delegation from the Tajikistan, made up of representatives and members of the Travel Company “Artuch”. Visitors enjoyed the stand “Tajikistan – the land of mountains and legends”. Tajikistan representatives told about the areas of work and ongoing projects of travel companies, the existing program of visa-free tourist exchange between Tajikistan and China and presented the advantages of the service to adapt the project to the needs of guests from Friendly China . During the exhibition, a series of meetings of representatives of the Tajikistan delegation with Chinese tour operators and trade organizations, signed an agreement on joint activities in the field of development and promotion of tourist projects. As part of the cultural program of the event participants made a tour of Xinjiang province and visited the Xinjiang Grand Theatre. 

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Buzkashi – National Game

 

Buzkashi

- is a dangerous, free-wheeling battle to keep control of a goat’s carcass. Spring season, in every place of country starts to organize a game Buzkashi.  Buzkashi also is an old traditional game. Every tourist who travels in Spring season have a chance to enjoy the game and make a fascinating photography for the unforgettable memories from Central Asia.

How Buzkashi is played?
Buzkashi translated into English means “goat grabbing” . A  carcass of a goat, a calf or a sheep is placed in the center of a circle and surrounded by the players of two teams who are on horseback. The object of the game is to pick up the carcass and bring it across a goal line or into the winner’s circle. The carcass to be used in Buzkashi is gutted and soaked in water 24 hours before the game starts. This is done so the carcass stays together and won’t be torn to pieces while the hundreds of horsemen compete to grab the carcass and score. Sometimes sand is also packed inside the carcass to give it some extra weight. Once the carcass is ready, it’s placed in a circle and then the fun starts. On a set signal, all the horsemen will race to grab the carcass and gallop away with it. The team or rider who carries the carcass across the goal line wins. The other riders try to prevent that by attacking the rider and trying to steal the carcass away. Riders are not allowed to tie the carcass to their saddle or hit other opponents on the hand to knock the carcass away. Other than that, anything goes. Opponents can punch each other in the face, kick each other and sometimes if they’re playing near a river, they may even try to drown their opponent. Becoming a Buzkashi champion can’t be done without a good horse. A rider’s horse must be well trained and know enough to stop for their rider if he’s thrown off. The horse must also know when to gallop at top speed if the rider manages to grab the carcass. A horse may often be trained for up to five years before playing in a game of Buzkashi. Winners are awarded prizes of , turbans, cash,rifles,cars,domestic animals and camels. All horsemen may not own horses. Actually, most of the  horses belong to rich men who can afford to buy them and hire trainers. Usually, the owner of the horseman also awards the horseman a prize, as his horse gain much fame in this manner. Famous horseman can get any horses they lay their hands upon to use in a match.

 

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Khujand – Day trip

Khujand is the capital of northern Tajikistan and the second largest city in the country. The city’s history dates back to ancient times. In the opinion of historians legendary city of Alexander-Eskhata (Alexandria Extreme) was constructed by Alexander the Great on the place of the present Khujand (the 5th century BC) and become the city of highly developed culture, important commercial and crafts center. It in many respects speaks it can be explained by its favorable position. Khujand stands at the entrance to the fertile Fergana Valley. Owing to this it was one of the main centers of the Great Silk way and enjoyed prosperity and richness. One of the ancient cities of the Central Asia Khujand has been known since the 7th century. In the 19thcentury after the Russian intrusion Khujand became the center of district of rapid industrial development. The railway was built there which allowed the city to become the center of cultural life. From there came many known representatives of Tajik intelligentsia. The city has 20 large enterprises, universities, cultural establishments.

Khujand is attractive to tourists due to its numerous ancient monuments. There have survived medieval citadels and mosques. The most known are the mosque and the mausoleum of sheikh Muslekheddin (17th-18th centuries.)

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After breakfast  city tour of Khojand (formerly called as “Leninobod”). Visit Citadel (Fortress), Khojand Ethnographic Museum, Masoleum and Madrassah of Sheikh Muslihiddin, Panchshanba Bazaar (means “Thursday market”).

Also Khujand has beautiful evenings with dancing fountain squares wich can be enjoyed by everyone.

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Sarazm

Ancient Sarazm

getImage (1)ы    Sarazm is an ancient town and jamoat in north-western Tajikistan. It is located in Panjakent District in Sughd province The archaeological site of the ancient city of Sarazm is located near Durman, a town situated in the Zarafshan Valley of north-west Tajikistan in the Sughd province near the border with Uzbekistan. Site description The site indicates an early steppe presence in the Zarafshan Valley. About 5000 years ago it was “the largest metallurgical center of Central Asia engaged in export”. It was abandoned after the arrival of the Indo-Iranians, around 2000 BC. The city is believed to have been revived as a mining point to collect from nearby sources of turquoise. Established no later than 1500 BC, the city also served as an important regional agricultural and copper production center. The town was discovered by a local farmer named Ashurali Tailonov in 1976 who found a copper dagger protruding from a nearby construction site. It was excavated by Abdullo Isakov and French archaeologists beginning in 1977. World Heritage Status The proto-urban site of Sarazm was inscribed on the World Heritage List in July 2010 as an archaeological site bearing testimony to the development of human settlements in Central Asia, from the 4th millennium BCE to the end of the 3rd millennium BCE”. It is the first World Heritage Site in Tajikistan

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Fan Mountain’s

Fann Mountains-
Tajikistan is landlocked, and is the smallest nation in Central Asia by area. It is covered by mountains of the Pamir range, and more than fifty percent of the country is over 3,000 meters (approx. 10,000 ft) above sea level. The only major areas of lower land are in the north (part of the Fergana Valley), and in the southern Kofarnihon and Vakhsh river valleys, which form the Amu Darya. Dushanbe is located on the southern slopes above the Kofarnihon valley. Fan Mountain’s The most raised central part of the Zeravshan ridge located between Archamaydan valley on З and Fandarya on В, on c-3. In height over 5000 m (the greatest = 5489 m, Chimtarga). Are combined mainly by Paleozoic limestones. Freakish forms of a relief; peaked tops. There are glaciers. The river (pool Zeravshana) have developed narrow and deep gorges. Many picturesque high-mountainous lakes (Iskanderkul, Kulikalon, etc.). In valleys of the rivers there is a poplar, a maple, a birch, some kinds of fruit trees, a hawthorn, etc.; on slopes to height 3000 m grows fur tree. his place is created by the nature especially for climbers, mountaineers and other fans of active vacation in the entire Central Asia. They attract travelers not only by captivating beauty of the nature but also by variable environment, rich flora and fauna.

Dozens of routes across the Fan Mountains passes will help you to get better acquainted with the rich nature of this corner of mountain Tajikistan, to see its most beautiful places. Everyone who has visited them once, left with indelible impressions for the rest of his life.

“I left my heart in the Fan Mountains. Now I heartlessly walk o’er plains” - Jury Vizbor, a famous song writer used to sing. So does everyone who has spent a vacation in the Fans.

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The Fan’s boast about a hundred peaks, with several rising to altitudes of more than 5000 meters and relative elevations of up to 1500 meters. The highest point in Fann Mountains is Chimtarga peak (5489 m). Other 5000 m peaks are Bodkhona (5138 m), Chapdara (5050 m), Big Hansa (5306 m), Little Hansa (5031 m), Zamok (Castle, 5070 m), Mirali (5132 m), and Energy (5120 m).

The best time for visiting is May-October for trekking and July-September for mountaineering , when the weather is usually at its best. Access is generally from Dushanbe which can be reached either from Khujand and Uzbek border Oybek.

Mountain- Height- Location
Ismoil Somoni Peak (highest) 7,495 m 24,590 ft North-western edge of Gorno-Badakhshan (GBAO), south of the Kyrgyz border

Ibn Sina Peak (Lenin Peak) 7,174 m 23,537 ft Northern border in the Trans-Alay Range, north-east of Ismoil Somoni Peak

Peak Korzhenevskaya 7,105 m 23,310 ft North of Ismoil Somoni Peak, on the south bank of Muksu River

Independence Peak (Revolution Peak) 6,974 m 22,881 ft Central Gorno-Badakhshan, south-east of Ismoil Somoni Peak

Akademiya Nauk Range 6,785 m 22,260 ft North-western Gorno-Badakhshan, stretches in the north-south direction

Karl Marx Peak 6,726 m 22,067 ft GBAO, near the border to Afghanistan in the northern ridge of the Karakoram Range

Mayakovskiy Peak 6,096 m 20,000 ft Extreme south-west of GBAO, near the border to Afghanistan.

Concord Peak 5,469 m 17,943 ft Southern border in the northern ridge of the Karakoram Range

Kyzylart Pass 4,280 m 14,042 ft Northern border in the Trans-Alay Range

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The Amu Darya and Panj rivers mark the border with Afghanistan, and the glaciers in Tajikistan’s mountains are the major source of runoff for the Aral Sea. There are over 900 rivers in Tajikistan longer than 10 kilometers.

About 2% of the country’s area is covered by lakes, the best known of which are the following:

Kayrakum (Qairoqqum) Reservoir (Sughd) Iskanderkul (Fann Mountains)

Kulikalon (Kul-i Kalon) (Fann Mountains)

Alauddin (Fann Mountains)
Nurek Reservoir (Khatlon)

Kara-Kul (Tajik: Qarokul; eastern Pamir)

Sarez (Pamir) Shadau Lake (Pamir)
Zorkul (Pamir)

Lesser known lakes (all in the Pamir region) include
Bulunkul
Drumkul
Rangkul
Sasykkul
Shorkul
Turumtaikul
Tuzkul
Yashilkul

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Mountaineering & Tourism Base “ARTUCH”

Mountaineering & Tourism Base “Artuch” based in 1971 sincerely opens it’s doors for all tourist’s, guest’s and mountaineerer’s. Organizing many kind of tour’s such as trekking, jeep tour’s, horse riding back tours, prophylactic tours’, business tour’s(in China) indoor and outdoor tourism, hunting and fishing in Fann Mountains, Pamir’s, whole Tajikistan and to many foreign countries. ..

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Pamir Mountains

PAMiR’s

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      The Pamir Mountains are a mountain range in Central Asia formed by the junction or knot of the Himalayas, Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, and Hindu Kush ranges. They are among the world’s highest mountains and since Victorian times they have been known as the “Roof of the World” a probable translation from the Persian.

In other languages they are called: Kyrgyz Памир тоолору; Persian: رشته کوه های پامیر Reshte Kūh-hāye Pāmīr; Tajik: Кӯҳҳои Помир; Hindi: पामीर पर्वतमाला; Urdu: پامیر کوهستان; Uyghur: پامىر ئېگىزلىكى; Chinese: 帕米尔高原; pinyin: Pàmǐ’ěr Gāoyuán. Another Chinese name is Congling (cōnglǐng 葱嶺), (Wade-Giles: Ts’ung-ling) or “Onion Range” (after the wild onions growing in the region).

The precise extent of the Pamir Mountains is debatable. They lie mostly in Gorno-Badakhshan province, Tajikistan and Badakshan Province, Afghanistan. To the north they join the Tian Shan mountains along the Alay Valley of Kyrgyzstan. To the south they join the Hindu Kush mountains along the Wakhan Corridor in Afghanistan/Pakistan, and also Gilgit-Baltistan in Pakistan. To the east they may end on the Chinese border or extend to the range that includes Kongur Tagh which is sometimes included in the Kunlun Mountains.

The Pamir Mountains were prominently featured in the 1985 film, Spies Like Us starring Chevy Chase and Dan Aykroyd. They were even described by Austin Milbarge (Aykroyd) as being “the roof of the world” and having “sub-Arctic temperatures”.

There are three highest mountains are Ismoil Somoni Peak (known from 1932–1962 as Stalin Peak, and from 1962–1998 as Communism Peak), 7,495 m (24,590 ft); Ibn Sina Peak (still unofficially known as Lenin Peak), 7,134 m (23,406 ft); and Peak Korzhenevskaya (Russian: Пик Корженевской, Pik Korzhenevskoi), 7,105 m (23,310 ft).

There are many glaciers in the Pamir Mountains, including the 77 km (48 mi) long Fedchenko Glacier, the longest in the former USSR and the longest glacier outside the Polar region. Covered in snow throughout the year, the Pamirs have long and bitterly cold winters, and short, cool summers. Annual precipitation is about 130 mm (5 in), which supports grasslands but few trees. Coal is mined in the west, though sheep herding in upper meadowlands are the primary source of income for the region.

This section is based on the book by R. Middleton and H. Thomas

The lapis lazuli found in Egyptian tombs is thought to come from the Pamir area in Badakhshan province of Afghanistan. About 138 BC Zhang Qian reached the Fergana Valley northwest of the Pamirs. Ptolemy vaguely describes a trade route though the area. From about 600 AD, Buddhist pilgrims travelled on both sides of the Pamirs to reach India from China. In 747 a Tang army was on the Wakhan River. There are various Arab and Chinese reports. Marco Polo may have travelled along the Panj River. In 1602 Bento de Goes travelled from Kabul to Yarkand and left a meager report on the Pamirs. In 1838 Lieutenant John Wood reached the headwaters of the Pamir River. From about 1868 to 1880, a number of Indians in the British service secretly explored the Panj area. In 1873 the British and Russians agreed to an Afghan frontier along the Panj River. From 1871 to around 1893 several Russian military-scientific expeditions mapped out most of the Pamirs (Alexei Pavlovich Fedchenko, Nikolai Severtzov, Captain Putyata and others. Later came Nikolai Korzhenevskiy). Several local groups asked for Russian protection from Afghan raiders. The Russians were followed by a number of non-Russians including Ney Elias, George Littledale, the Earl of Dunmore, Wilhelm Filchner and Lord Curzon who was probably the first to reach the Wakhan source of the Oxus River. In 1891 the Russians informed Francis Younghusband that he was on their territory and later escorted a Lieutenant Davidson out of the area (‘Pamir Incident’). In 1892 a battalion of Russians under Mikhail Ionov entered the area and camped near the present Murghab. In 1893 they built a proper fort there (Pamirskiy Post). In 1895 their base was moved to Khorog facing the Afghans.

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In 1928 the last blank areas around the Fedchenko Glacier were mapped out by a German-Soviet expedition under Willi Rickmer Rickmers.According to Middleton and Thomas, ‘pamir’ is also a geological term. A pamir is a flat plateau or U-shaped valley surrounded by mountains. It forms when a glacier or ice field melts leaving a rocky plain. A pamir lasts until erosion forms soil and cuts down normal valleys. This type of terrain is found in the east and north of the Wakhan, and the east and south of Gorno-Badakhshan, as opposed to the valleys and gorges of the west. Pamirs are used for summer pasture.

The Great Pamir is around Lake Zorkul. The Little Pamir is east of this in the far east of Wakhan. The Taghdumbash Pamir is between Tashkurgan and the Wakhan west of the Karakoram Highway. The Alichur Pamir is around Yashil Kul on the Gunt River. The Sarez Pamir is around the town of Murghab. The Khargush Pamir is south of Lake Karakul. There are several others.

 The Pamir River is in the south-west of the Pamirs. In the early 1980s, a deposit of gemstone-quality clinohumite was discovered in the Pamir Mountains. It was the only such deposit known until the discovery of gem-quality material in the Taymyr region of Siberia, in 2000. The Pamir Highway, the world’s second highest international road, runs from Dushanbe in Tajikistan to Osh in Kyrgyzstan through the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province, and is the isolated region’s main supply route. The Great Silk Road crossed a number of Pamir Mountain ranges. In December 2009, the New York Times featured articles on the possibilities for tourism in the Pamir area of Tajikistan. Historically, the Pamir Mountains were considered a strategic trade route between Kashgar and Kokand on the Northern Silk Road and have been subject to numerous territorial conquests. The Northern Silk Road (about 2,600 km (1,616 mi) in length) connected the ancient Chinese capital of Xian to the west over the Pamir Mountains to emerge in Kashgar before linking to ancient Parthia.In the 20th century, they have been the setting for Tajikistan Civil War, border disputes between China and Soviet Union, establishment of US, Russian, and Indian military bases, and renewed interest in trade development and resource exploration. 

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 For more information you can visit the page of trips on Jeep Tour page…

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Jeep Tour

Mountaineering and Tourism Company “Artuch” organizes jeep tour’s on 4×4 comfortabe Jeep’s (Toyota & Mitsubishi). We give you many jeep round’s from the east to the west of Tajikistan. Jeep round’s continues 10-12 days. During the round you will enjoy beautiful nature of Pamir’s, Fann Mountain’s and visit historical places such as, Penjikent, Sarazm, Gisar, Khudzhand, Dushanbe…We guarantee that you will have an unforgettable memories about the sunny Tajikistan. Enjoy tours going to the Pamir’s for breath taking views or tours going into the rugged back country for wildlife sightings and world famous sunsets. Jeep Tour to Pamir’s- See the pristine beauty and learn the history of the superstitions as you travel along the mountain foothills. See massive rock formations, and mountain wildlife. Learn about the superstition mountains and the lakes with soft, shiny, bright and crystal water’s.
For more information, trip facts and programs please contact us by e’mail… artuch@bk.ru

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